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Why ICT integration in Education?

“Why ICT integration in Education?”

In this 21st century, information technology has made the world come closer day by day. After a few years, any gadget will be mandatory among children or aged people. These days, whenever someone visits their relatives or any restaurant, they first ask for WiFi. This represents that coming generation without internet will be unimaginable.

We can also observe the use of internet per second at the given website It represents that, the use of the internet is increasing every nanosecond. According to Cisco chief futurist Dave Evans “10 technologies that will change the world in the next 10 years,” it means 3D printers, sensor networks, virtual humans and other technologies under development now will drastically change our world in the decade to come.

As a training specialist’s (Mathematics) view: In coming days, definitely, the teaching-learning process will be different than today due to the ICT network. In our context,  to be a good teacher, we have to know firstly, we have to know about technology, content, and pedagogy. “ICT” refers to Information and Communication Technology. “ICT in Education” means “Teaching and Learning with ICT”. Every subject content knowledge can be gained through ICT.

REED-Nepal is applying the new concept for the ICT in Education (ICT integration in education i.e. the key knowledge of intersention of technology, content and pedagogy) in Solukhumbu. The six days ICT in Education Teacher’s Training for secondary and basic level teacher held in Solukhumbu was so memorable for them that  they demand more of those kind of trainings for education in the coming days for their professional development.

In Nepal, online moodle teahers’ training concept is also emerging. This type of three months teahers’ training course through online moodle was started by NCED(Nation Center for Education Development) as a piloting.

In the case of e-library concept,  REED-Nepal started  local server based intranet e-Library at Birendrodaya SS, Sotang and Janajagriti SS, Salleri for the first time at Solukhumbu in 2072. The uses of intranet in school has been implementing more these days and also the students are motivated towards ICT in Education. Birendroday secondary school’s teachers are using ICT in teaching learining process using audio, video in their classrooms. During the teaching learning process, teachers are regulating the class using Play, Pause, Play & Stop in the audio, video  at the class.

In this changing world, a teacher should also go with the flow and be updated in “ICT intergration in Education”. “A good education can change anyone. A good teacher can change everything”, as per the saying we have to strive hard to become a good teacher. Let’s take a step towards the change!


Training Specialist-Mathematics
Khadga Kumar Shrestha

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A Quick View to Phytochemicals

                                                      A Quick View to Phytochemicals


The word phyto derived from the Greek word which means Plant. The chemicals produced by the plants are known as phytochemicals. They are produced in the plants through the metabolism: primary and secondary metabolisms. The biological activities of phytochemicals are important for defense from the predators and competitors and growth of a plant. Phytochemicals are nonnutritive and nonessential for a human being, classified into the carotenoid; flavonoids (fruit and vegetable) and polyphenols (tea and grape) and abstracted from the plants by extraction and isolation process.  But some studies say they are important for the human being as well.


History shows that phytochemicals were used in ancient time as well as the medicines and the poisons. Some phytochemicals are poisonous and in the ancient time, such poisonous phytochemicals were used to make poisonous arrow to kill the enemies and hunt the animals in the jungles. There is a rumor that a queen used the toxic arrow to kill her own husband, the emperor of the empire. One of the poisonous plants containing deadly chemical is Atropa belladonna, well known as deadly nightshade, though; the most interesting thing is that some fruits and vegetable that we take in our daily diet fall on the family of nightshade. They are tomatoes, potatoes etc. The reason for the toxicity of plant is due to the presence of tropane alkaloid presenting in the foliage and berries causes the delirium and hallucination.


Don’t be afraid of the negative aspect of the phytochemicals, they also have much more beneficial effects as well. Phytochemicals are not only the protective or defensive for a plant but also for human beings.  They are very much important because they prevent us from cancer and heart disease. Regular eating of phytochemicals works as:


i.                     Antioxidant

Anti means opposite and oxidant means the species that combines with oxygen. So antioxidant means phytochemicals that prevent the oxidation of body cells causes cancer in us. Eating of onion, leeks, and garlic reduces the risk of cancer as they contain the phytochemical say Allyl sultides.


ii.                 Antibacterial effect

Bacteria cause many kinds of the infections in our body if the infection gets more it may lead to death. To prevent such risk there is very simple takes some garlic in your diet. That prevents the bacterial effects.


We get enough phytochemicals from the fruits like apple, grape, orange, pomegranate, cherries etc, vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, carrot, tea, broccoli. They contain protein and very low level of saturated fat. 


Author: Narayan Gyawali
Training Specialist, Educator

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